Chandrayaan 2 Launched

Why are we going to the Moon?

The Moon is the closest cosmic body at which space discovery can be attempted and documented. It is also a promising test bed to demonstrate technologies required for deep-space missions. Chandrayaan 2 attempts to foster a new age of discovery, increase our understanding of space, stimulate the advancement of technology, promote global alliances, and inspire a future generation of explorers and scientists.

What makes Chandrayaan 2 special?

  • 1st space mission to conduct a soft landing on the Moon’s south polar region.
  • 1st Indian expedition to attempt a soft landing on the lunar surface with home-grown technology.
  • 1st Indian mission to explore the lunar terrain with home-grown technology.
  • 4th country ever to soft land on the lunar surface.

What are the scientific objectives of Chandrayaan 2 ? Why explore the Lunar South Pole?

Moon provides the best linkage to Earth’s early history. It offers an undisturbed historical record of the inner Solar system environment. Though there are a few mature models, the origin of Moon still needs further explanations. Extensive mapping of lunar surface to study variations in lunar surface composition is essential to trace back the origin and evolution of the Moon. Evidence for water molecules discovered by Chandrayaan-1, requires further studies on the extent of water molecule distribution on the surface, below the surface and in the tenuous lunar exosphere to address the origin of water on Moon.

The lunar South Pole is especially interesting because of the lunar surface area here that remains in shadow is much larger than that at the North Pole. There is a possibility of the presence of water in permanently shadowed areas around it. In addition, South Pole region has craters that are cold traps and contain a fossil record of the early Solar System.

Chandrayaan-2 will attempt to soft land the lander -Vikram and rover- Pragyan in a high plain between two craters, Manzinus C and Simpelius N, at a latitude of about 70° south.



GBD Ist grade स्कूल व्याख्याता की भूगोल की किताब जो कक्षा बारहवीं , UG , PG के सम्पूर्ण पाठ्यक्रम को समाहित करते हुए 1 मात्र प्रमाणित पुस्तक
100% नवीनतम पाठ्यक्रम पर आधारित
By Shri satyadev Sharma

आज के समय में यह महत्तपूर्ण नही है की आप कितना पढ़ते हो,महत्तपूर्ण यह कि आप क्या और कैसे पढ़ते हो।
स्कूल व्याख्यता परीक्षा के लिए एक दम सटीक पुस्तक


  • The recruitment to RAS and other state and Rajasthan Sub-ordinate Services is made through an exam RAS/RTS Competitive Exam organized by the RPSC.
  • The this Competitive Exam is organized by the RPSC in every one or two years. By way of this exam, Rajasthan government recruits its top officers.

Posts under RAS/RTS : Rajasthan State Services

Sr. NoPosts
*15600 – 39100 (GP – 5400)
1Rajasthan Administrative Services
2Rajasthan Police Services
3Rajasthan Accounts Services
4Rajasthan State Insurance Service
5Rajasthan Women and Development Service
6Rajasthan Rural Development State Service
7Rajasthan Women Development Service
*9300 – 34800 (GP – 4800)
8Rajasthan Cooperative Services
9Rajasthan Employment Service
10Rajasthan Jail Services
11Rajasthan Industries Services
12Rajasthan Commercial Taxes Service
13Rajasthan Food and Civil Supply Service
14Rajasthan Tourism Service
15Rajasthan Transport Service
16Rajasthan Devsthan Service
17Rajasthan Labour Service


राजस्‍थान लोक सेवा आयोग का अभूतपूर्व इतिहास है। वर्ष 1923 में ली कमिशन ने भारत में एक संघ लोक सेवा आयोग की स्‍थापना की सिफारिश की थी किन्‍तु इस कमिशन ने प्रांतो में लोक सेवा आयोगों की स्‍थापना के बारें में कोई विचार नहीं किया। प्रांतीय सरकारे अपनी आवश्‍यकतानुसार नियुक्तियां करने एवं राज्‍य सेवा नियम बनाने हेतु स्‍वतंत्र थी।    

राजस्‍थान राज्‍य के गठन के समय कुल 22 प्रांतों में से मात्र 3 प्रांत-जयपुर, जोधपुर एवं बीकानेर में ही लोक सेवा आयोग कार्यरत थे । रियासतों के एकीकरण के बाद गठित राजस्‍थान राज्‍य के तत्‍कालीन प्रबंधन ने 16 अगस्‍त, 1949 को एक अध्‍यादेश के अधीन राजस्‍थान लोक सेवा आयोग की स्‍थापना की । इस अध्‍यादेश का प्रकाशन राजस्‍थान के राजपत्र में 20 अगस्‍त 1949 को हुआ और इसी तिथी से अध्‍यादेश प्रभाव में आया । इस अध्‍यादेश के द्वारा राज्‍य में कार्यरत अन्‍य लोक सेवा आयोग एवं लोक सेवा आयोग की तरह कार्यरत अन्‍य संस्‍थाऐं बंद कर दी गयी । अध्‍यादेश में आयोग के गठन, कर्मचारीगण एवं आयोग के कार्यो संबधित नियम भी तय किये गये ।

आंरभिक चरण में आयोग में एक अध्‍यक्ष एवं दो सदस्‍य थे । राजस्‍थान के तत्‍कालीन मुख्‍य न्‍यायाधीरा सर एस.के. घोष को अध्‍यक्ष नियुक्‍त किया गया । तत्‍पश्‍चात श्री देवीशंकर तिवारी एवं श्री एन.आर. चन्‍दोरकर की नियुक्‍ती सदस्‍यों के रूप में एवं संघ लोक सेवा आयोग के पूर्व सदस्‍य श्री एस.सी. त्रिपाठी, आई.ई.एस की नियुक्‍ती अध्‍यक्ष के रूप में की गयी । वर्ष 1951 में आयोग के कार्यो को नियमित करने के उद्देश्‍य से राज प्रमुख द्वारा भारत के संविधान के अनुसार निम्‍न नियम पारित किये गये- 

1. राजस्‍थान लोक सेवा आयोग सेवा की शर्ते नियम, 1951 एवं 
2. राजस्‍थान लोक सेवा आयोग कार्यो की सीमा नियम, 1951

लोक सेवा आयोगों के द्वारा सम्‍पादित किये जाने वाले महत्‍वपूर्ण कार्यो एवं उनकी निष्‍पक्ष कार्य प्रणाली के कारण भारतीय संविधान में इनका महत्‍वपूर्ण स्‍थान है । अनुच्‍छेद संख्‍या 16, 234, 315 से 323 तक विशेष रूप से लोक सेवा आयोगों के कार्य एवं अधिकार क्षेत्र के संबंध में है । राजस्‍थान लोक सेवा आयोग की कार्य प्रणाली राजस्‍थान लोक सेवा आयोग नियम एवं शर्ते, 1963 एवं राजस्‍थान लोक सेवा आयोग (शर्ते एवं प्रक्रिया का मान्‍यकरण अध्‍यादेश 1975 एवं नियम 1976) के द्वारा तय की जाती है ।


It seems that there is never enough time in the day. But, since we all get the same 24 hours, why is it that some people achieve so much more with their time than others? The answer lies in good time management.  

What Is Time Management?

“Time management” refers to the way that you organize and plan how long you spend on specific activities.

It may seem counter-intuitive to dedicate precious time to learning about time management, instead of using it to get on with your work, but the benefits are enormous:

  • Greater productivity and efficiency.
  • A better professional reputation.
  • Less stress.
  • Increased opportunities for advancement.
  • Greater opportunities to achieve important life and career goals.

Failing to manage your time effectively can have some very undesirable consequences:

  • Missed deadlines.
  • Inefficient work flow.
  • Poor work quality.
  • A poor professional reputation and a stalled career.
  • Higher stress levels.

Spending a little time learning about time-management techniques will have huge benefits now – and throughout your career.

Key Points

Time management is the process of organizing and planning how much time you spend on specific activities. Invest some time in our comprehensive collection of time management articles to learn about managing your own time more efficiently, and save yourself time in the future.


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